Abstract According to religious belief, both man and woman are created by God therefore, are equal
before God. But in African culture, especially in Nigeria, gender inequality affects active
participation of women in politics because the men assume superiority over the women. The
government general perception of women in politics is quite negative and it effects their
contributions to the development of the nation. Gender relationship is to a great extent unequal.
The universal declaration of human right states that individuals are born free and have equal
rights, but it is a common knowledge that in their daily experiences, women do not enjoy the
same rights and privileges, autonomy and power as men. They do not have the same control
over their lives and production. Their participation in political structure in which decisions
affecting their lives are taken is minimal.
Therefore this paper focuses mainly on the problems affecting womenâ€™s participation in politics
in Nigeria and strategies to remedy the problems.
Keywords: Women, Politics, Participation , Gender, Government.