Abstract Plants have been of immense use to man since time immemorial and have been associated with
life and culture of man. Apart from being used as sources of food, some plants have been used as
masticatories in different parts of the world. In Nigeria, certain plants have been used as
masticatories and these plants have been reported to possess the potentials to cure different
diseases. The plant parts used as masticatories include fruits, seeds, leaves, stem bark, root and
rhizome. Some of these masticatories are largely used while others are in minimal use in Nigeria.
In the present review, a total of 28 species belonging to 13 families of angiosperms are recorded
to be utilized as masticatories in Nigeria. Moreover, the curative properties of some of these
masticatories have been recorded and provided in this review.
Keywords: Ethnomedicine, Masticatory Plants, Medicinal Uses.